Viewpoint: Reflections on India
By Sean Paul Kelley *
If you are Indian, or of Indian descent, you are not going to like what I have to say.
My criticisms may be very hard to stomach. But consider them as the hard words and loving advice of a good friend. Someone who’s being honest with you and wants nothing from you. These criticisms apply to all of India except Kerala and the places I didn’t visit, except that I have a feeling it applies to all of India, except Kerala.
Lastly, before anyone accuses me of Western Cultural Imperialism, let me say this: if what I found is what India and Indians want, then, who am I to tell them differently. Take what you like and leave the rest. In the end it doesn’t really matter, as I get the sense that Indians, at least many upper class Indians, don’t seem to care and the lower classes just don’t know any better, what with Indian culture being so intense and pervasive on the sub-continent. But here goes, nonetheless.
The simple fact: INDIA IS A MESS. It’s that simple, but it’s also quite complicated.
Here are India ’s four major problems – the four that prevent India from modernising – and then I follow with ancillary ones.
1. First, POLLUTION. In my opinion the filth, squalor and all around pollution indicates a marked lack of respect for India by Indians. The smells, trash, refuse and excrement- how much is cultural filth? But it’s really beyond anything I have ever encountered.
Right next door to the Taj Mahal was a pile of trash that smelled so bad, was so foul as to almost ruin the entire Taj experience. Delhi , Bangalore and Chennai to a lesser degree were so very polluted as to make me physically ill. Sinus infections, ear infection, bowels churning was an all too common experience in India Dung, be it goat, cow or human fecal matter was common on the streets. In major tourist areas filth was everywhere, littering the sidewalks, the roadways, you name it. Toilets in the middle of the road, men spitting, snotting, urinating and defecating anywhere, in broad daylight.
Whole villages are plastic bag wastelands. Roadsides are choked by it. Air quality that can hardly be called quality. Far too much coal and far to few unleaded vehicles on the road. The measure should be how dangerous the air is for one’s health, not how good it is. People casually throw trash in the streets, on the roads.
I can assure you that at some point this pollution will cut into India ’s productivity, if it already hasn’t. The pollution will hobble India ’s growth path, if that indeed is what the country wants. The only two cities that could be considered sanitary in my journey were Trivandrum –the capital of Kerala–and Calicut .
2. The second issue, INFRASTRUCTURE, can be divided into four subcategories:
Roads, Rails, Ports and the Electric Grid. The Electric Grid is a joke. Load shedding is all too common, everywhere in India . Wide swathes of the country spend much of the day without the electricity they actually pay for. Without regular electricity, productivity, again, falls.
The Ports are a joke. Antiquated, out of date, hardly even appropriate for the mechanised world of container ports, more in line with the days of longshoremen and the like.
Roads are an equal disaster. I only saw one elevated highway that would be considered decent in Thailand , much less Western Europe or America and I covered fully two-thirds of the country during my visit. There are so few dual carriage-way roads as to be laughable. There are no traffic laws to speak of and if there are, they are rarely obeyed, much less enforced ( police corruption is rampant). A drive that should take an hour takes three. A drive that should take three takes nine. The buses are at least thirty years old, if not older and generally in poor mechanical repair, belching clouds of poisonous smoke and fumes.
Everyone in India , or who travels in India raves about the railway system. Rubbish.! It’s awful!
When I was there in 2003 and then late 2004 it was decent. But in the last five years the traffic on the rails has grown so quickly that once again, it is threatening productivity. Waiting in line just to ask a question now takes thirty minutes. Routes are routinely sold out three and four days in advance now, leaving travelers stranded with little option except to take the decrepit and dangerous buses.
At least fifty million people use the trains a day in India . 50 million people! Not surprising that waitlists of 500 or more people are common now. The rails are affordable and comprehensive but they are overcrowded and what with budget airlines popping up in India like sadhus in an ashram the middle and lowers classes are left to deal with the overutilized rails and quality suffers. No one seems to give a shit.
Seriously, I just never have the impression that the Indian government really cares. Wasting funds buying weapons from Russia , Israel and the US I guess.
3 & 4. The last major problem in India is an old problem and can be divided into two parts that have two sides of the same coin since government was invented: bureaucracy and corruption.
It take triplicates to register into a hotel. To get a SIM card for one’s phone is like wading into a jungle of red-tape and photocopies one is not likely to emerge from in a good mood, much less satisfied with customer service.
Getting train tickets is a terrible ordeal, first you have to find the train number, which takes 30 minutes, then you have to fill in the form, which is far from easy, then you have to wait in line to try and make a reservation, which takes 30 minutes at least and if you made a single mistake on the form back you go to the end of the queue, or what passes for a queue in India.
The government is notoriously uninterested in the problems of the commoners, too busy fleecing the rich, or trying to get rich themselves in some way shape or form. Take the trash for example, civil rubbish collection authorities are too busy taking kickbacks from the wealthy to keep their areas clean that they don’t have the time, manpower, money or interest in doing their job.
Rural hospitals are perennially understaffed as doctors pocket the fees the government pays them, never show up at the rural hospitals and practice in the cities instead. The rich still have their servants, the lower castes are still there to do the dirty work and so the country remains in stasis.
I could go on about my perception of India and its problems, but in all seriousness, I don’t think anyone in India really cares. And that, to me, is the biggest problem. India is too entrenched in its ways to change in any way.
Mumbai, India ’s financial capital is about as filthy, polluted and poor as the worst city imaginable in S E Asia and being more polluted than Medan , in Sumatra is no easy task.
I am forced to use this word, "backward", to a country that has produced Nobel Laureates, nuclear physicists, eminent economists and entrepreneurs. But what have they brought back to India with them? Nothing.
It’s a shame. Indians and India have so much to offer the world, but I’m far from sanguine that India will amount to much in my lifetime. Call me a cultural imperialist, a spoiled child of the West and all that. But remember, I’ve been there.
I’ve seen 50 other countries on this planet and none, not even Ethiopia , have as long and gargantuan a laundry list of problems as India does.
And the bottom line: I don’t think India really cares. Too complacent and unaware.
* Sean Paul Kelley is a travel writer and a former radio host. He founded The Agonist, in 2002, which is still considered the top international affairs, culture and news destination for progressives. He is also the Global Correspondent for The Young Turks, on satellite radio and Air America.
Picture: Sean Paul Kelley